Healing as an awakening
"Healing as awakening refers to the phenomenon of people becoming increasingly conscious of their individual and collective existence and of an acknowledgement that these needs were unmet."
Healing as an experience of safety
"The healing of trauma requires the establishment of an environment of safety, without judgement or prejudice... Cultural safety is the identification a person makes with factors that are derived from the culture, belief systems or world views that allow them to feel safe while being with those to whom they have gone to help."
Healing as community support
"The narratives demonstrate that trauma healing requires a supportive environment with people who care. Supportive families are vital in healthy healing, and, if not a supportive family, at least people who have been through or understand what the person is going through."
Rebuilding a sense of family and community in healing
"When Jackie was looking for healing she felt alone in the world. She did not have a family who could support her... Part of her healing process was to begin to build a sense of family, of community, with people around her... the process of rebuilding is healing in itself as boundaries are explored and relationships worked through."
Healing as ever-deepening self-knowledge
"The narratives demonstrate that healing at its most fundamental level is an ever deepening knowledge, of the deep structure of the self and the layered and multiple parts of who the person is, at both biographical and transpersonal levels, culturally and spiritually."
The use of ceremony in healing
"The purpose of ceremonies is through action and meaning-making. Ceremony is the observance of practice of a ritual which gives meaning to aspects of the life story. Telling and listening to stories can be ceremonial and therefore healing. In ceremonies we celebrate the awareness of our lives as sacred."
Cultural and spiritual identity in healing
"... many people were already searching for meaning and life purpose, and this search was connected to cultural and spiritual identity. In seeking a cultural and spiritual identity they were looking outside themselves as this society teaches us to do. They had not come to understand that the essence of "who they are" is an articulation of both their cultural and spiritual being. The story is present but the value is not acknowledged. It is this aspect of healing from trauma that needs to be built on..."
Healing as transformation and transcendence
"... healing is a process of transformation and transcendence. It is the ever-unfolding knowledge of the Self. In the process of transformation the Self is viewed with acceptance and compassion and a curiosity towards the change process. With the knowledge that change is possible must come the knowledge of choices and an access to services relevant to the tranformsation process. The desire to change can then be met."
Integration in healing
"... in many cases people had lost their knowledge of the whole Self and their sense of life purpose [arising from trauma - DC]. Initially, people flt that life had no meaning; often they were in a crisis of cultural and spiritual identity. This changed during the time they worked together." [during the healing process - DC]