Risks to the social and emotional wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have been identified as:
‘Social and emotional wellbeing problems cover a broad range of problems that can result from unresolved grief and loss, trauma and abuse, domestic violence, removal from family, substance misuse, family breakdown, cultural dislocation, racism and discrimination, and social disadvantage’ 
‘Protective factors for Indigenous social and emotional wellbeing have been identified as connection to land, culture, spirituality, ancestry and family and community. These factors can serve as a unique reservoir of resilience and recovery in the face of adversity and moderate the impact of stressful circumstances on social and emotional wellbeing at the individual, family and community level.
Land is central to social relationships and the spiritual and emotional wellbeing of Indigenous individuals, families and communities. To fully understand social and emotional wellbeing it is necessary to understand the cultural dimensions of wellbeing.’